Ocular disease services

Did you know that approximately 90% of vision impairment in Australia is preventable or treatable? ACO is committed to ensuring that ocular disease is diagnosed as early as possible to prevent avoidable vision loss. We operate advanced clinics staffed by optometrists with expertise and interest in the detection and management of ocular disease. Where referral to an ophthalmologist (eye specialist) is required we will discuss with you the most suitable option, both within the public health system and private specialists. With your permission, we will also communicate with your general practitioner and other specialists regarding the health of your eyes.


Glaucoma is an eye disease affecting the optic nerve. It has often been referred to as the “sneak thief of sight” as it can be asymptomatic until the late stages. The risk of glaucoma increases with age and those with a close relative with glaucoma have a higher likelihood of developing the condition.
In our glaucoma clinic we see people with identified risk factors for the development of glaucoma as well as ongoing monitoring of those with stable glaucoma.

A glaucoma assessment will usually involve

  • Comprehensive history
  • Vision assessment
  • Measurement of eye pressure
  • Visual fields test
  • Assessment of the optic nerve including OCT

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetes can cause damage to the tiny blood vessels at the back of the eye and this is known as diabetic retinopathy. The risk of developing retinopathy increases with the length of time you have had diabetes, as well as with poor blood sugar level control. Early detection and prompt treatment is vital to reduce the chance of permanent vision loss.

All people with diabetes should have a comprehensive eye examination with pupil dilation at least every two years. At the ACO your optometrist will thoroughly assess your eyes and your other risk factors to recommend the most appropriate review schedule for you.

Macular Degeneration

Macular degeneration (also known as age-related macular degeneration or AMD) is the name given to a group of eye diseases that can cause progressive loss of central vision. It is the leading cause of legal blindness in Australia.
At ACO we utilise advanced imaging including OCT and fundus autofluorescence in the diagnosis and monitoring of macular degeneration.


Cataract is the term used for describing the clouding of the lens inside the eye. Most often, this is due to ageing and occurs slowly over time. People with cataract may notice their vision becoming gradually blurry and becoming more sensitive to glare. Cataracts can be treated with surgery performed by an ophthalmologist.
As part of your general eye care ACO optometrists will assess for cataract and can discuss with you the most appropriate referral pathway if surgery is necessary.